Voting Record by Policy Area
Policy AreaTotal
congress 706 683
97%
8 15
2%
economics and public finance 614 336
55%
274 4
1%
armed forces and national security 378 215
57%
161 2
1%
government operations and politics 259 136
53%
116 7
3%
finance and financial sector 185 124
67%
59 2
1%
public lands and natural resources 149 106
71%
41 2
1%
energy 134 54
40%
75 5
4%
health 110 87
79%
23
environmental protection 108 45
42%
63
transportation and public works 107 78
73%
29
international affairs 100 94
94%
3 3
3%
emergency management 87 64
74%
20 3
3%
taxation 83 55
66%
26 2
2%
crime and law enforcement 79 71
90%
7 1
1%
agriculture and food 66 43
65%
22 1
2%
education 56 32
57%
24
law 53 12
23%
40 1
2%
science, technology, communications 49 37
76%
10 2
4%
water resources development 47 24
51%
23
labor and employment 24 16
67%
5 3
13%
commerce 23 15
65%
8
immigration 20 12
60%
8
native americans 16 13
81%
3
foreign trade and international finance 15 12
80%
3
housing and community development 14 11
79%
3
social welfare 12 9
75%
3
civil rights and liberties, minority issues 11 8
73%
3
families 8 8
100%

sports and recreation 3 1
33%
2
67%
animals 3 3
100%

arts, culture, religion 2 2
100%

Voting Record by Legislative Subjects

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1522 congressional oversight 1402 administrative law and regulatory procedures 1261 executive agency funding and structure 1058 government information and archives 1037 government studies and investigations 965 appropriations 902 research administration and funding 882 licensing and registrations 861 house of representatives 861 oil and gas 846 legislative rules and procedure 840 public contracts and procurement 825 government employee pay, benefits, personnel management 763 hazardous wastes and toxic substances 731 government trust funds 717 research and development 687 government lending and loan guarantees 679 advisory bodies 667 aviation and airports 662 caribbean area 641 terrorism 629 department of defense 621 california 604 user charges and fees 591 drug trafficking and controlled substances 589 government buildings, facilities, and property 578 water quality 576 climate change and greenhouse gases 576 state and local government operations 574 motor vehicles 574 alternative and renewable resources 569 elementary and secondary education 566 environmental assessment, monitoring, research 566 energy efficiency and conservation 565 water use and supply 562 small business 560 intelligence activities, surveillance, classified information 556 electric power generation and transmission 555 tax administration and collection, taxpayers 550 foreign aid and international relief 549 administrative remedies 546 computers and information technology 540 manufacturing 538 marine and coastal resources, fisheries 535 civil actions and liability 534 arms control and nonproliferation 534 defense spending 531 veterans' education, employment, rehabilitation 527 fraud offenses and financial crimes 523 health facilities and institutions 521 military facilities and property 514 wildlife conservation and habitat protection 511 higher education 506 land transfers 504 education programs funding 503 latin america 502 military personnel and dependents 500 buy american requirements 500 land use and conservation 496 indian social and development programs 494 national guard and reserves 488 disaster relief and insurance 488 rural conditions and development 487 judicial review and appeals 486 firearms and explosives 486 nuclear weapons 483 department of the interior 482 middle east 480 metals 480 military operations and strategy 479 veterans' medical care 460 nevada 459 alaska 458 air quality 456 roads and highways 453 lakes and rivers 453 washington state 449 oregon 443 asia 441 cuba 439 building construction 439 military procurement, research, weapons development 437 health care costs and insurance 432 forests, forestry, trees 430 detention of persons 421 solid waste and recycling 420 strategic materials and reserves 418 water resources funding 416 environmental regulatory procedures 415 district of columbia 413 internet and video services 411 transportation costs 403 indian lands and resources rights 401 endangered and threatened species 391 environmental protection agency (epa) 391 social work, volunteer service, charitable organizations 387 advanced technology and technological innovations 387 military medicine 385 presidents and presidential powers, vice presidents 383 criminal investigation, prosecution, interrogation 383 atmospheric science and weather 383 department of energy 382 texas 381 intergovernmental relations 381 marine and inland water transportation 381 health information and medical records 374 great lakes 372 accounting and auditing 372 historic sites and heritage areas 369 chemical and biological weapons 369 russia 367 federal appellate courts 367 department of veterans affairs 366 military education and training 364 child health 357 hybrid, electric, and advanced technology vehicles 353 federal officials 353 energy research 351 department of homeland security 351 drug, alcohol, tobacco use 349 energy storage, supplies, demand 346 disability and paralysis 345 student aid and college costs 345 fires 345 fishes 344 u.s. territories and protectorates 343 international law and treaties 341 floods and storm protection 338 housing finance and home ownership 338 corporate finance and management 338 sex offenses 336 department of health and human services 336 parks, recreation areas, trails 335 syria 334 dams and canals 334 judicial procedure and administration 334 wetlands 333 idaho 332 military assistance, sales, and agreements 332 navigation, waterways, harbors 332 transportation safety and security 330 iraq 329 europe 329 health personnel 328 health programs administration and funding 326 pest management 325 health care coverage and access 322 afghanistan 322 residential rehabilitation and home repair 321 banking and financial institutions regulation 321 canada 321 transportation programs funding 316 israel 315 technology transfer and commercialization 314 law enforcement administration and funding 313 trade restrictions 313 montana 312 public utilities and utility rates 311 business investment and capital 309 cemeteries and funerals 308 department of the treasury 307 performance measurement 307 housing and community development funding 307 child safety and welfare 306 telephone and wireless communication 305 executive office of the president 304 securities 304 pollution liability 302 financial services and investments 301 mammals 300 minority health 299 nuclear power 298 minnesota 297 emergency planning and evacuation 297 homelessness and emergency shelter 295 delta regional authority 294 border security and unlawful immigration 294 business records 293 right of privacy 293 pacific ocean 292 watersheds 291 army corps of engineers 290 department of agriculture 290 veterans' pensions and compensation 290 mental health 289 correctional facilities and imprisonment 288 conflicts and wars 288 museums, exhibitions, cultural centers 288 pornography 287 military history 287 virginia 287 minority and disadvantaged businesses 285 human rights 285 iran 283 africa 283 mining 283 food assistance and relief 282 international organizations and cooperation 282 alliances 280 securities and exchange commission (sec) 277 religion 277 utah 276 radioactive wastes and releases 275 lighting and heating 274 minority education 273 educational technology and distance education 273 law enforcement officers 271 defense nuclear facilities safety board 271 wilderness and natural areas, wildlife refuges, wild rivers, habitats 270 economic development 270 federal-indian relations 268 women's health 268 budget deficits and national debt 268 north dakota 267 marine pollution 266 south dakota 266 livestock 266 environmental health 264 china 263 computer security and identity theft 263 foreign labor 262 health technology, devices, supplies 261 birds 260 monuments and memorials 260 florida 259 crimes against women 259 employee benefits and pensions 259 legal fees and court costs 256 central intelligence agency (cia) 254 intellectual property 252 aquatic ecology 250 mississippi river 249 economic performance and conditions 249 military command and structure 248 government ethics and transparency, public corruption 246 mexico 246 diplomacy, foreign officials, americans abroad 246 medical research 244 internal revenue service (irs) 244 nuclear regulatory commission (nrc) 244 water storage 243 educational facilities and institutions 243 guam 243 puerto rico 240 spacecraft and satellites 239 appalachian regional commission 238 federal energy regulatory commission (ferc) 238 inflation and prices 238 animal protection and human-animal relationships 236 coal 236 competitiveness, trade promotion, trade deficits 235 infrastructure development 235 evidence and witnesses 234 members of congress 233 armed forces retirement home 231 outdoor recreation 230 specialized courts 228 assault and harassment offenses 226 nutrition and diet 225 abortion 223 department of commerce 223 hunting and fishing 223 youth employment and child labor 222 state and local finance 219 prescription drugs 219 crime victims 218 nuclear waste technical review board 218 war and emergency powers 218 commemorative events and holidays 218 national institutes of health (nih) 217 bank accounts, deposits, capital 216 life, casualty, property insurance 216 national symbols 215 northern mariana islands 214 government liability 214 low- and moderate-income housing 212 pipelines 212 railroads 211 mississippi 209 department of justice 208 sales and excise taxes 207 employment discrimination and employee rights 207 congressional operations and organization 205 space flight and exploration 204 medical tests and diagnostic methods 203 colorado 203 pakistan 202 medical education 201 lawyers and legal services 199 kentucky 198 new jersey 197 public-private cooperation 196 horticulture and plants 196 agricultural trade 194 trade agreements and negotiations 193 currency 192 department of transportation 191 immigration status and procedures 190 humanities programs funding 190 poverty and welfare assistance 189 human trafficking 188 tax-exempt organizations 188 alaska natives and hawaiians 188 competition and antitrust 188 long-term, rehabilitative, and terminal care 187 american battle monuments commission 187 agricultural conservation and pollution 187 wyoming 186 maryland 185 federal deposit insurance corporation (fdic) 185 national credit union administration 185 employee hiring 184 international exchange and broadcasting 184 palau 182 smithsonian institution 179 policy sciences 177 north korea 177 worker safety and health 176 congressional committees 176 congressional officers and employees 176 department of education 176 illinois 175 food supply, safety, and labeling 175 health promotion and preventive care 175 military civil functions 174 agricultural prices, subsidies, credit 174 missouri 174 performing arts 173 juvenile crime and gang violence 172 ukraine 172 national capital planning commission 172 national foundation on the arts and the humanities 171 senate 170 agricultural marketing and promotion 170 kuwait 169 japan 169 animal and plant health 169 national aeronautics and space administration 168 federal reserve system 168 national and community service 167 employment and training programs 167 natural disasters 167 office of the u.s. trade representative 167 visas and passports 165 energy prices 165 drug enforcement administration (dea) 164 coast guard 164 criminal justice information and records 163 u.s. capitol 163 business ethics 163 chesapeake bay 163 national science foundation 163 arizona 163 historical and cultural resources 162 agricultural research 161 congressional agencies 160 bankruptcy 159 jordan 159 public transit 157 art, artists, authorship 155 elections, voting, political campaign regulation 155 small business administration 155 legal services corporation 155 virgin islands 154 crimes against children 154 library of congress 154 agricultural insurance 154 commission on civil rights 154 equal employment opportunity commission (eeoc) 154 marine mammal commission 154 retail and wholesale trades 154 service animals 152 international monetary system and foreign exchange 152 government accountability office (gao) 152 federal emergency management agency (fema) 151 congressional tributes 151 congressional leadership 151 veterans' loans, housing, homeless programs 151 military law 150 judges 150 consumer affairs 150 consumer financial protection bureau 149 everglades 148 hiv/aids 148 domestic violence and child abuse 147 architect of the capitol 147 congressional budget office (cbo) 147 congressional research service (crs) 147 denali commission 147 commission of fine arts 146 government publishing office (gpo) 144 housing supply and affordability 144 massachusetts 144 medicare 143 motor carriers 141 marketing and advertising 140 commodity futures trading commission 140 military readiness 138 emergency communications systems 138 government corporations and government-sponsored enterprises 138 crime prevention 138 georgia 137 industrial facilities 137 emergency medical services and trauma care 136 adoption and foster care 136 sex and reproductive health 135 gulf of mexico 135 u.s. international trade commission 134 national railroad passenger corporation (amtrak) 134 unemployment 134 american samoa 134 energy revenues and royalties 133 alcoholic beverages 132 food and drug administration (fda) 132 aging 131 federal district courts 131 motor fuels 131 food industry and services 131 teaching, teachers, curricula 130 travel and tourism 129 fruit and vegetables 129 grain 129 public participation and lobbying 127 sovereignty, recognition, national governance and status 127 new york state 126 director of national intelligence 126 public housing 126 commodities markets 126 drug safety, medical device, and laboratory regulation 126 new mexico 124 joint committee on taxation 124 joint economic committee 124 hospital care 124 south carolina 124 tennessee 123 customs enforcement 121 national security agency 120 transportation employees 119 u.s. postal service 118 merit systems protection board 118 department of housing and urban development 118 consumer credit 118 yemen 117 cancer 117 comprehensive health care 117 north carolina 116 reconstruction and stabilization 115 property tax 115 regional and metropolitan planning 114 crimes against property 114 office of personnel management (opm) 114 broadcasting, cable, digital technologies 114 office of management and budget (omb) 114 arctic and polar regions 113 federal communications commission (fcc) 113 racial and ethnic relations 112 personnel records 112 health care quality 111 federal trade commission (ftc) 110 national archives and records administration 110 war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity 110 insects 109 sanctions 109 violent crime 108 general services administration 108 supreme court 108 infectious and parasitic diseases 107 sex, gender, sexual orientation discrimination 106 state and local courts 105 news media and reporting 105 privacy and civil liberties oversight board 105 charitable contributions 104 first responders and emergency personnel 104 new york city 104 portugal 104 accidents 102 department of labor 101 product safety and quality 101 farm credit administration 101 indian claims 101 separation, divorce, custody, support 100 family planning and birth control 99 office of special counsel 99 television and film 97 u.s. sentencing commission 97 debt collection 96 administrative conference of the u.s. 96 consumer product safety commission 96 federal labor relations authority 96 office of government ethics 96 postal regulatory commission 96 selective service system 96 income tax deductions 96 u.s. holocaust memorial council 95 federal bureau of investigation (fbi) 95 micronesia 94 federal election commission (fec) 94 atlantic coast (u.s.) 94 somalia 94 budget process 93 bermuda 93 department of state 93 interest, dividends, interest rates 93 kansas 93 science and engineering education 92 employee performance 92 refugees, asylum, displaced persons 92 family services 92 louisiana 91 marshall islands 90 cayman islands 90 alabama 90 u.s. history 89 community life and organization 89 medicaid 88 immunology and vaccination 87 wages and earnings 86 criminal procedure and sentencing 86 homeland security 85 earth sciences 84 census and government statistics 84 disability and health-based discrimination 82 housing for the elderly and disabled 81 world health 80 alternative treatments 79 election assistance commission 79 women's employment 78 national transportation safety board (ntsb) 78 alternative dispute resolution, mediation, arbitration 78 germany 78 maine 78 meat 78 special education 77 federal maritime commission 77 genetics 77 state and local taxation 76 labor standards 76 access board 76 industrial policy and productivity 76 insurance industry and regulation 76 veterinary medicine and animal diseases 75 neighborhood reinvestment corporation 74 postal service 74 government national mortgage association (ginnie mae) 74 agricultural practices and innovations 74 due process and equal protection 74 housing discrimination 74 migrant, seasonal, agricultural labor 73 income tax credits 73 iowa 73 freedom of information 73 hydrology and hydrography 73 veterans' organizations and recognition 71 foreign property 71 environmental technology 71 indiana 71 reptiles 70 lease and rental services 69 seashores and lakeshores 68 property rights 68 saint lawrence seaway 68 wisconsin 68 constitution and constitutional amendments 68 photography and imaging 67 farmland 67 agricultural education 66 united nations 66 chad 66 palestinians 66 u.s. agency for international development (usaid) 66 hawaii 65 federal preemption 65 south korea 64 transfer and inheritance taxes 64 centers for disease control and prevention (cdc) 63 democratic republic of the congo 63 u.s. and foreign investments 63 aquaculture 61 rule of law and government transparency 61 social security and elderly assistance 60 political movements and philosophies 60 income tax exclusion 60 academic performance and assessments 60 home and outpatient care 59 child care and development 58 financial crises and stabilization 58 burma 58 export-import bank of the united states 58 first amendment rights 57 real estate business 57 georgia (republic) 55 cultural exchanges and relations 55 women in business 55 neurological disorders 54 labor-management relations 54 oceania 54 citizenship and naturalization 53 interagency council on homelessness 53 education of the disadvantaged 52 congressional-executive branch relations 52 sudan 51 michigan 51 credit and credit markets 51 pedestrians and bicycling 50 arab-israeli relations 50 taiwan 50 technology assessment 49 vietnam 49 energy assistance for the poor and aged 48 india 48 oklahoma 48 school administration 47 multilateral development programs 47 gambling 46 employee leave 46 protection of officials 46 commuting 45 delaware 45 noise pollution 45 vocational and technical education 44 jurisdiction and venue 44 general agriculture matters 44 nebraska 44 social security administration 43 family relationships 43 turkey 41 foreign and international corporations 41 smuggling and trafficking 41 medical ethics 39 bahrain 37 libya 37 disability assistance 37 ecology 37 federally chartered organizations 37 student records 36 colombia 36 lebanon 36 ohio 36 pennsylvania 35 federal housing finance agency 35 office of science and technology policy 34 hearing, speech, and vision care 33 telecommunication rates and fees 33 materials 32 tax treatment of families 32 european union 32 organized crime 32 surgery and anesthesia 32 united kingdom 31 olympic games 31 foreign and international banking 31 foreign loans and debt 31 arkansas 30 niger 29 trade secrets and economic espionage 29 connecticut 29 drug therapy 29 language arts 29 music 28 employment taxes 28 singapore 28 urban and suburban affairs and development 28 estonia 28 income tax rates 28 latvia 28 lithuania 28 radiation 27 foreign language and bilingual programs 27 taxation of foreign income 27 federal prison industries, inc. 27 tax reform and tax simplification 26 congressional districts and representation 26 gaza strip 26 west bank 26 women's rights 26 general public lands matters 25 professional sports 25 income tax deferral 25 physical fitness and lifestyle 25 marriage and family status 24 free trade and trade barriers 24 sports and recreation facilities 23 romania 23 soil pollution 22 egypt 22 general energy matters 22 haiti 22 u.s. commission on international religious freedom 22 atlantic ocean 21 guatemala 21 honduras 21 voting rights 21 women's education 21 adult education and literacy 21 saudi arabia 21 tariffs 20 cardiovascular and respiratory health 20 new hampshire 20 pension benefit guaranty corporation 19 morocco 19 protest and dissent 19 south sudan 19 financial literacy 19 seafood 19 venezuela 18 area studies and international education 18 broadcasting board of governors 18 central african republic 18 el salvador 18 nigeria 18 overseas private investment corporation (opic) 18 political parties and affiliation 18 tibet 18 zimbabwe 18 birth defects 18 digestive and metabolic diseases 18 immigrant health and welfare 18 minority employment 18 philippines 18 united arab emirates 17 bangladesh 17 cambodia 17 peace corps 17 corporation for national and community service 17 corporation for public broadcasting 17 hereditary and development disorders 17 house committee on appropriations 17 libraries and archives 17 national labor relations board (nlrb) 17 thailand 16 african development foundation 16 nepal 16 sri lanka 16 trade and development agency 16 tunisia 16 collective security 16 indonesia 16 malaysia 16 qatar 15 cameroon 15 inter-american foundation 15 burkina faso 15 djibouti 15 italy 15 kenya 15 mali 15 mauritania 15 nicaragua 15 poland 15 preschool education 15 tanzania 14 persian gulf states 14 capital gains tax 14 committee for purchase from people who are blind or severely disabled 14 federal mediation and conciliation service 14 federal mine safety and health review commission 14 medicare payment advisory commission 14 national council on disability 14 national mediation board 14 occupational safety and health review commission 14 railroad retirement board 14 sexually transmitted diseases 13 asean countries 13 australia 13 business education 13 u.s. institute of peace 13 panama 13 sound recording 12 cell biology and embryology 12 crimes against animals and natural resources 12 house committee on ways and means 12 scientific communication 12 uganda 11 athletes 11 business expenses 11 congress 11 temporary and part-time employment 10 rhode island 10 arctic ocean 10 economic theory 10 financial stability oversight council 10 international scientific cooperation 9 foreign trade and international finance 9 house committee on foreign affairs 9 house committee on house administration 9 housing industry and standards 9 missouri river 9 senate committee on the budget 9 taxation 9 vermont 8 monetary policy 8 archaeology and anthropology 8 commodity credit corporation 8 digital media 8 espionage and treason 8 finance and financial sector 8 nursing 8 presidential administrations 8 school athletics 8 service industries 8 surface transportation board 7 books and print media 7 dental care 7 house committee on oversight and government reform 7 house committee on the budget 6 agricultural equipment and machinery 6 congressional elections 6 cooperative and condominium housing 6 product development and innovation 6 small towns 5 house committee on armed services 5 house committee on ethics 5 house committee on the judiciary 5 house committee on transportation and infrastructure 5 house permanent select committee on intelligence 5 musculoskeletal and skin diseases 5 organ and tissue donation and transplantation 5 senate committee on finance 5 subversive activities 4 educational guidance 4 general health and health care finance matters 4 house committee on energy and commerce 4 house committee on standards of official conduct 4 moldova 4 teenage pregnancy 4 west virginia 3 armed forces and national security 3 bahamas 3 chemistry 3 contracts and agency 3 economics and public finance 3 ethiopia 3 house committee on financial services 3 house committee on science, space, and technology 3 self-employed 3 uzbekistan 3 western hemisphere 2 adult day care 2 age discrimination 2 allergies 2 general taxation matters 2 geography 2 hate crimes 2 international affairs 2 northern ireland 2 norway 2 public lands and natural resources 2 rwanda 2 south africa 1 agriculture and food 1 albania 1 algeria 1 antigua and barbuda 1 astronomy 1 barbados 1 belgium 1 biological and life sciences 1 blood and blood diseases 1 bolivia 1 bosnia and herzegovina 1 brunei 1 caribbean sea 1 cyprus 1 denmark 1 ecuador 1 energy 1 games and hobbies 1 general foreign operations matters 1 gulf states 1 hong kong 1 house committee on agriculture 1 house committee on education and the workforce 1 house committee on homeland security 1 house committee on natural resources 1 house committee on rules 1 house committee on small business 1 house committee on veterans' affairs 1 iceland 1 ireland 1 kosovo 1 labor and employment 1 laos 1 literature 1 macedonia 1 montenegro 1 north america 1 organization of american states 1 peru 1 saint kitts and nevis 1 saint lucia 1 saint vincent and the grenadines 1 serbia 1 switzerland 1 world history
Edward R. Royce

Edward R. Royce

CA - 39
Republican
Born: 1951-10-12