11 ,

(This measure has not been amended since it was introduced. The summary has been expanded because action occurred on the measure.)

Establishes the congressional budget for the federal government for FY2016 and sets forth budgetary levels for FY2017-FY2025.

TITLE I--RECOMMENDED LEVELS AND AMOUNTS

(Sec. 101) Recommends levels and amounts for FY2016-FY2025 for federal revenues, new budget authority, budget outlays, deficits, public debt, debt held by the public, and federal tax expenditures.

(Sec. 102) Recommends levels for FY2016-FY2025 for Social Security revenues, outlays, and administrative expenses.

(Sec. 103) Recommends levels of new budget authority and outlays for FY2016-FY2025 for U.S. Postal Service discretionary administrative expenses.

(Sec. 104) Recommends levels of new budget authority and outlays for FY2016-FY2025 for each major functional category, including:

  • National Defense;
  • International Affairs;
  • General Science, Space, and Technology;
  • Energy;
  • Natural Resources and Environment;
  • Agriculture;
  • Commerce and Housing Credit;
  • Transportation;
  • Community and Regional Development;
  • Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services;
  • Health;
  • Medicare;
  • Income Security;
  • Social Security;
  • Veterans Benefits and Services;
  • Administration of Justice;
  • General Government;
  • Net Interest;
  • Allowances; and
  • Undistributed Offsetting Receipts.

TITLE II--RECONCILIATION

(Sec. 201) Includes reconciliation instructions directing the Senate Finance Committee and the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee to each submit to the Senate Budget Committee legislation to reduce the deficit by at least $1 billion over the FY2016-FY2025 period. Requires the legislation to be submitted by July 31, 2015. (Under the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, reconciliation bills are considered by Congress using expedited legislative procedures that prevent a filibuster and restrict amendments in the Senate.)

TITLE III--RESERVE FUNDS

Establishes spending-neutral, deficit-neutral, and deficit-reduction reserve funds that permit the chairman of the Senate Budget Committee to revise the committee allocations, budgetary aggregates, and other levels in the budget resolution to accommodate legislation that meets specified conditions.

(Reserve funds provide the chairman with flexibility in applying budget enforcement rules to legislation that meets specified criteria. Deficit-neutral and spending-neutral reserve funds permit the chairman to make the adjustments if the legislation meets the specified criteria and does not increase the deficit over designated time periods. Revenue increases are permitted to be used as an offset in deficit-neutral reserve funds, but not in spending-neutral reserve funds. Deficit-reduction reserve funds permit the chairman to make adjustments to ensure that savings achieved in legislation are used for deficit reduction.)

(Sec. 301) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to increasing the pace of U.S. economic growth and private sector job creation without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-2025 periods.

(Sec. 302) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to enhanced funding for national security or domestic discretionary programs if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2025 period.

(Sec. 303) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to repealing, replacing, or reforming the Affordable Care Act if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2025 period.

(Sec. 304) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to improving access to affordable health care for low-income children, including the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 305) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for health legislation relating to the requirement to purchase or provide health insurance; Medicare provider payments; expiring health care provisions; the health care needs of first responders; medical research, innovation, and safety; or program integrity initiatives if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 306) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to child nutrition programs, replacing ineffective policies and programs with evidence-based alternatives that improve the welfare of vulnerable children, or protecting children from sexual predators without raising new revenue if the legislation does not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 307) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to the improvement of the delivery of benefits and services to veterans and servicemembers if the legislation does not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 308) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to reforming the tax code, extending expiring tax relief provisions, innovation and manufacturing jobs, or operations and administration of the Department of the Treasury if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 309) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to investment in the infrastructure of the United States if the legislation does not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods and does not include transfers from other trust funds. Permits transfers from the general fund of the Treasury that are offset.

(Sec. 310) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to federal spending on civil air traffic control services if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 311) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for trade legislation that would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 312) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to the administration of disability benefits and the improved employment of disabled workers if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 313) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation that amends the Higher Education Act of 1965 if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 314) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for energy legislation that does not raise new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 315) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation revising environmental statutes to promote job growth if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 316) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to improving flood control, expanding opportunities for commercial navigation, and improving the environmental restoration of the nation's waterways without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 317) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to reducing reliance on mineral imports or deducting amounts for mineral revenues payable to states without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 318) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 319) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to increasing timber production from federal lands and providing funding to local governments until timber production levels increase, decreasing forest hazardous fuel loads, improving stewardship contracting, or reforming the budgeting process for wildfire suppression operations without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 320) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to the Payments In Lieu of Taxes (PILT) program without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 321) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to regulatory relief for small financial firms, improvements in the effectiveness of the financial regulatory framework, enhancements in oversight and accountability of the Federal Reserve System, and expansions in access to capital markets without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 322) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to improving the processing of earnings reports for the Supplemental Security Income and Social Security Disability Insurance programs if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 323) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to the implementation of agreements between the United States and nations with whom it maintains a Compact of Free Association without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 324) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to protecting payments to rural hospitals and creating sustainable access for rural communities without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 325) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to encouraging state Medicaid demonstration programs to promote independent living and integrated work for the disabled without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 326) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to payments to pharmacists for the provision of services under Medicare without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 327) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to supporting and improving community health centers without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 328) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to the funding of independent agencies, which may include subjecting the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau to the regular appropriations process, without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 329) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to promoting exports if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 330) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to 529 college savings plans without raising new revenues if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 331) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to the security of the overseas diplomatic facilities of the United States if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 332) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for welfare legislation if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 333) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to land and water conservation or making changes to the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000 or the PILT program if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 334) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation related to changes at the Internal Revenue Service, including establishing a process to notify taxpayers about tax scams and determine whether returns were filed using their personal information, if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 335) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to career and technical education if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 336) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to enhancing the preparedness of the Federal Emergency Management Agency to respond to disasters if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 337) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to expanding, enhancing, or otherwise improving science, technology, engineering, and mathematics if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 338) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to improving opportunities for new biomedical researchers if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 339) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to investment in the manufacturing sector in the United States if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 340) Establishes a spending-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to benefits for aliens without legal status in the United States, including prohibiting qualification for certain tax benefits, without raising new revenue if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 341) Establishes a deficit-reduction reserve fund for legislation achieving savings through the elimination, modification, or the reduction in frequency of reports required of federal agencies if the legislation reduces the deficit over either the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods. Permits the chairman to adjust the Senate's Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) ledger to ensure that the savings achieved are used only for deficit reduction.

(Sec. 342) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to addressing heroin and prescription opioid abuse if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 343) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to strengthening the civilian workforce if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 344) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to improving Department of Defense financial management if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 345) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to improving federal workforce development, job training, and reemployment programs if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 346) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to energy efficiency, the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP), or federal land and water conservation programs if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 347) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to Department of Veterans Affairs collaboration with law school clinics serving veterans if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 348) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to nuclear waste cleanup by the Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Management if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 349) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to Department of Defense initiatives to bolster resilience of mission-critical infrastructure to impacts from climate change and associated events if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 350) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to the Department of Justice, which may include ending of the Operation Choke Point program, if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

(Sec. 351) Establishes a deficit-neutral reserve fund for legislation relating to prohibiting the federal government, except in the case of natural disasters, from providing funds to state and local governments to prevent receivership, facilitate exit from receivership, or to prevent default on its obligations by a state government, if the legislation would not increase the deficit over the FY2016-FY2020 or the FY2016-FY2025 periods.

TITLE IV--BUDGET PROCESS

Subtitle A--Budget Enforcement

(Sec. 401) Extends procedures in the Senate for waivers and appeals of specified budget points of order with a vote of three-fifths of the Members duly chosen and sworn (currently 60 votes) through September 30, 2025.

Makes Senate points of order against legislation violating Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) rules or increasing the short-term deficit permanent. (The PAYGO point of order prohibits the consideration of legislation that would cause or increase an on-budget deficit over specified time periods. The short-term deficit point of order applies to legislation that would cause a net increase in the deficit in excess of $10 billion in any fiscal year provided for in the most recently adopted budget resolution unless it is fully offset over the period of all fiscal years provided for in the most recently adopted budget resolution.)

(Sec. 402) Revises the existing point of order against legislation that would increase long-term deficits. Applies the point of order to legislation that would cause a net increase in on-budget deficits in excess of $5 billion in any of the 4 consecutive 10-year periods beginning with the first fiscal year that is 10 years after the budget year provided for in the most recently adopted budget resolution. (The existing long-term deficit point of order applies to deficits rather than on-budget deficits.)

Exempts legislation for which the chairman has made adjustments to the allocations, levels, and limits in this resolution, pursuant to the deficit-neutral reserve fund included in Section (303)(1) for legislation relating to the full repeal of the Affordable Care Act.

(Sec. 403) Updates the existing point of order against advanced appropriations to conform to the new budget window. (Under the resolution, an advanced appropriation is any new budget authority provided in appropriations legislation for FY2016 that first becomes available after FY2016, or any new budget authority provided in appropriations legislation for FY2017 that first becomes available after FY2017. The point of order limits advanced appropriations to specified accounts and prohibits total advanced appropriations from exceeding $28.852 billion in new budget authority in each year).

(Sec. 404) Increases the vote threshold for waiving points of order against legislation with unfunded intergovernmental mandates from a simple majority to three-fifths of Members duly chosen and sworn (currently 60 votes).

(Sec. 405) Repeals the point of order against reconciliation legislation that would increase the deficit or reduce a surplus.

(Sec. 406) Establishes a point of order restricting the inclusion of changes in mandatory programs (CHIMPs) in appropriations legislation. Restricts CHIMPs that reduce budget authority but do not decrease outlays by setting a $19 billion limit for these provisions in FY2016. Reduces the limit in each subsequent fiscal year until FY2021, when no CHIMP that fails to reduce outlays will be permitted in appropriations legislation.

(Sec. 407) Establishes a point of order against voting on passage of legislation if no Congressional Budget Office (CBO) cost estimate was made publicly available at least 28 hours before the vote.

(Sec. 408) Applies to the Senate a House point of order protecting savings in reconciliation legislation from amendments that increase the deficit.

(Sec. 409) Establishes a point of order against a provision designating Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) funds that would cause total OCO funds to exceed $57.997 billion for FY2016 or $59.500 billion for FY2017.

(Sec. 410) Establishes a point of order against appropriations legislation that includes changes in mandatory programs that affect the Crime Victims Fund.

(Sec. 411) Directs the chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, for budget enforcement purposes, to disregard the budgetary effects of timing shifts and rescissions that do not reduce outlays.

(Sec. 412) Requires CBO to provide supplemental cost estimates for direct loan and loan guarantee programs by measuring cost on a fair value basis to account for the cost of market risk.

(Sec. 413) Directs CBO and the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT) to provide estimates of the macroeconomic effects of major legislation for informational purposes. (These estimates are frequently referred to as dynamic scoring and include estimates of the budgetary effects from changes in economic output, employment, capital stock, interest rates, and other macroeconomic variables resulting from the legislation.)

(Sec. 414) Provides directions regarding the scoring of legislation relating to a transition from the paper dollar to the dollar coin.

(Sec. 415) Provides directions to CBO regarding the scoring of certain energy savings contracts.

(Sec. 416) Requires CBO to provide estimates of the budgetary effects over FY2016-FY2045 for legislation increasing discretionary spending limits or transferring amounts from the general fund of the Treasury to the Highway Trust Fund. (Most CBO estimates are currently provided over a 5- or 10-year period).

(Sec. 417) Requires CBO to provide projections of federal revenues, outlays, and deficits for the 30-year period beginning with the budget year in its required annual update to the Budget and Economic Outlook.

(Sec. 418) Requires CBO to provide estimates to Congress on tax expenditures that include: (1) an estimate of the cost of tax expenditures as a share of gross domestic product for the budget year and the 9 years following the budget year, and (2) Data on the cost of tax expenditures as a share of gross domestic product for each fiscal year beginning with FY1965 and ending with the budget year.

(Sec. 419) Directs CBO to provide estimates of outlay changes during the second and third decade of enactment of legislation if: (1) either of the budget committee chairs requests the estimate, or (2) the legislation has an outlay impact in excess of 0.25% of the U.S. gross domestic product during the first decade or in the tenth year.

(Sec. 420) Requires CBO to provide specified estimates regarding the changes in direct spending and revenues associated with the Affordable Care Act, including the net impact on deficits with both on-budget and off-budget effects.

(Sec. 421) Prohibits increases in Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) and Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) guarantee fees from being used in the Senate to determine budgetary impacts for evaluating budget points of order. (Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac purchase mortgages and charge the fees to guarantee the payment of principal and interest. This section prevents the fee increases from being used to offset provisions that increase the deficit in determining whether a budget point of order applies to legislation.)

Subtitle B--Other Provisions

(Sec. 431) Directs Senate committees to review programs and tax expenditures within their jurisdiction to identify waste, fraud, abuse, or duplication and increase the use of performance data to inform committee work.

(Sec. 432) Requires the joint explanatory statement accompanying the conference report on the budget resolution to include amounts for the discretionary administrative expenses of the Social Security Administration and the U.S. Postal Service in the allocations to the appropriations committees.

(Sec. 433) Sets forth procedures for adjustments of the allocations and aggregates included in the budget resolution.

(Sec. 434) Permits the chairman of the Senate Budget Committee to adjust levels and allocations in this budget resolution to reflect changes in concepts and definitions.

(Sec. 435) Declares that the provisions in this title are promulgated under the Senate's rulemaking power and will be considered part of the rules of the Senate.

Policy Area

Economics and Public Finance

Legislative Terms

  • accounting and auditing
  • administrative law and regulatory procedures
  • alternative and renewable resources
  • appropriations
  • aviation and airports
  • bank accounts, deposits, capital
  • banking and financial institutions regulation
  • budget deficits and national debt
  • budget process
  • child health
  • child safety and welfare
  • civil actions and liability
  • climate change and greenhouse gases
  • competitiveness, trade promotion, trade deficits
  • comprehensive health care
  • computer security and identity theft
  • congressional oversight
  • constitution and constitutional amendments
  • consumer financial protection bureau
  • crime victims
  • crimes against children
  • currency
  • defense spending
  • department of defense
  • department of energy
  • department of veterans affairs
  • department of the treasury
  • diplomacy, foreign officials, americans abroad
  • disability and paralysis
  • disability assistance
  • drug, alcohol, tobacco use
  • economic performance and conditions
  • economic theory
  • education programs funding
  • electric power generation and transmission
  • elementary and secondary education
  • emergency medical services and trauma care
  • employee hiring
  • employment and training programs
  • energy assistance for the poor and aged
  • energy efficiency and conservation
  • energy research
  • environmental regulatory procedures
  • executive agency funding and structure
  • financial services and investments
  • fires
  • food assistance and relief
  • forests, forestry, trees
  • fraud offenses and financial crimes
  • government buildings, facilities, and property
  • government corporations and government-sponsored enterprises
  • government employee pay, benefits, personnel management
  • government lending and loan guarantees
  • government studies and investigations
  • government trust funds
  • hazardous wastes and toxic substances
  • health care costs and insurance
  • health care coverage and access
  • health care quality
  • health facilities and institutions
  • health personnel
  • health programs administration and funding
  • health technology, devices, supplies
  • higher education
  • housing and community development funding
  • housing finance and home ownership
  • infrastructure development
  • intellectual property
  • labor-management relations
  • land use and conservation
  • law enforcement administration and funding
  • lawyers and legal services
  • legislative rules and procedure
  • manufacturing
  • marine and inland water transportation
  • medicaid
  • medical education
  • medical research
  • medicare
  • members of congress
  • mental health
  • military operations and strategy
  • mining
  • national institutes of health (nih)
  • nuclear power
  • nuclear weapons
  • oil and gas
  • outdoor recreation
  • performance measurement
  • postal service
  • poverty and welfare assistance
  • prescription drugs
  • property tax
  • protection of officials
  • public contracts and procurement
  • public-private cooperation
  • radioactive wastes and releases
  • research administration and funding
  • research and development
  • roads and highways
  • rural conditions and development
  • sales and excise taxes
  • science and engineering education
  • senate
  • sex offenses
  • social security and elderly assistance
  • soil pollution
  • state and local finance
  • state and local taxation
  • student aid and college costs
  • tariffs
  • tax reform and tax simplification
  • terrorism
  • trade agreements and negotiations
  • transportation programs funding
  • u.s. postal service
  • u.s. territories and protectorates
  • user charges and fees
  • veterans' education, employment, rehabilitation
  • veterans' loans, housing, homeless programs
  • veterans' medical care
  • veterans' pensions and compensation
  • water quality
  • water resources funding